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Thursday, January 19, 2017

How to Aloevera Cultivate & it's uses & Economics of 5 year project



Aloe vera cultivating information guide




Botanical Name: Aloe Barbadensis Miller
Family – Liliaceae
Broadly known as Aloevera

Benefits :-
• Miracle plant
• Wonder plant
• Herbal aloe
• Ornamental plants
• Aloe Vulgaris
Aloevera use in medical science, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries.The color and smell of each variety in a plant of great potential value and its characteristic bitter taste and feel nauseous. Aloevera Barbadensis Barbados island shows. Aloevera native medicine (Ayurveda) and the Greek system and cosmetics, shampoos and creams used.
Aloe vera and its findings leading market India, Australia, USA, Japan and Europe ,Hongkong are in. Increasing demand for aloe vera and scientific studies with the support of the medicinal benefits of vera.It Aloevera to cultivate profitable and potential agro-industrial crop has the
potential to become future.

Climate and Soil : Aloe vera grows in a wide range of climatic conditions. It prefers , well-drained soils ,sandy or loamy and can grow in nutritionally poor soil, but thrives on rich soils.Established plants will survive drought quite well even though the root system is relatively shallow. Aloe vera is not very frost-hardy, but will survive a temperature of –3°C with only slight injury. It should be planted in full sun or light shade. During the winter months in the subtropics, the plant becomes dormant and utilizes very little moisture.
Aloe is grown in warm tropical areas and cannot survive freezing temperatures. Aloe Vera can be cultivated on any soil for ‘dry land management’ sandy loamy soil is the best suited for it.

PROCESS OF CULTIVATING OF ALOE VERA
The ground is to be carefully prepared to keep free from weeds and the soil is ideally kept ideally slightly acidic. The soil should be supplied supplement in the form of ammonium nitrate & Farm yard manure every year.
The plants are set spaced out by 24 inches in rows and between the rows. At that rate, about 10,000 plants are set per acre. An 7 – 11 inch aloe pop would take about 18 – 24 months to fully mature.
The plants, in a year’s time, would bear flowers that are bright yellow in colour. The leaves are 1 to 2 feet long and are cut without causing damage to the plant, so that it lasts for several years.
The leaves cut off close to the plant are placed immediately, with the cut end downwards, in a V-shaped wooden trough of about 4 feet long and 12 to 18 inches deep.



Fertilize
In general, crop manure (FYM or compost) that respond well to the application. FYM about 10 to 12 tons per hectare in the soil at the time of preparation and may also be applied in the following years. If wood ash is available in sufficient quantities, it can be applied at planting time pits because it helps the plants and their subsequent growlh.
Crop irrigation withstands stress condition very well, but the good harvest in important stages of development, to get irrigation should be recommended as below.
1.  Apply the first irrigation after planting .
2. Until the plants are irrigated 2-3, 4-7 irrigation per year may be sufficient for its proper development or depend on environment.
3. Depending on the availability of water, the leaves give light irrigation after each picking.
Inter-culture growing area during the operation should be kept free of weeds. Long handeled gardening tool weeding every year, followed by three or four hands weedings promote growth and suckering. Remove diseased plants regularly.

Insect-pests and diseases
The mealy bug ,leaf spot and anthracnose have been reported from some parts of the country are not a big problem. If there is a termite problem, it can be managed by applying light irrigation.
From the second year of planting, harvesting and yield commercial production is available for the fifth year. Typically 3-4 per year pickings can be taken, depending on the development. An average 15-20 t / ha of fresh leaves for the extraction of juice for your cultivation.Fully developed mature leaves should be harvested fully adopting recommended practices can be obtained from the second year of plantation.

Marketing                                           
Aloe Vera demand is immense therefore marketing it is not difficult. Wet aloe vera leaves are brought by many Ayurvedic Pharmaceuticals companies.

Harvesting
Within first year of cultivation, aloe vera leaves can be harvested. Leaving aside 3 leaves rest other leaves can be cut using sharp hears. Generally 3-4 pickings per year can be taken depending upon the growth of plants.

Expenditure
1.                   At a distance of 2 * 2ft  10,000 saplings can be planted in one Acre of land
2.                   Plantation cost is to be borne only once and then for next 5 yrs yield can be extracted.
Cost of Cultivation (10000plants * Rs.3.5 / plant)=          Rs.   35,000/-
(This includes Supervision, Plantation Labour & Transportation cost)
3.                   Buy back of Agreement of Aloe Vera in 4-5 years is charged at Rs.3/ kg.

Income & Yield
1.                   From each plant you get 2 to 4 kg leaves within the first year of plantation.
10,000 plants  * 2kgs = 20,000kgs
2.                   Income from 1 Acre is
20000kgs  * Rs.3/-  = Rs.60,000/- (from first year of plantation)
3.                   In the second year, within every 6months harvesting is done.
18000kgs * Rs.3/- = Rs.54,000/- * 2 times harvesting = Rs. 1,08,,000/-
4.                   This income continues for next 4years of cultivation.
5 yrs total Income                                                                                    = Rs. 4,92,000/-
Cost of Cultivation (To be borne only once)                                 = Rs.    35,000/-
Weeding & other cleaning expenditure of land                          = Rs.    25,000/-
Total Income                                                                                              = Rs. 4,32,000/-

CONTENTS IN ALOEVERA:-

Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12,Folic Acid, Niacine
• Vitamins: A, B1, B2 B3, B6, B12
• Contributes to well – being & health
• Supplies body with energy
• Strengthens the immune system
• Minerals : Calcium, Iron, Potassium
• Indispensable for the human metabolism
• Building of blood, needed for growth of bones and teeth
• Amino Acids: Lysine, Threonin, Valine etc
• “Building Blocks" of the body
• Repair tissues / carry oxygen throughout the body
• They form antibodies to combat invading bacteria & viruses
• Enzymes: Oxidase, Catalase etc
• Regulate intestinal activity.
• Assist in the breaking up of food element


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