Cost of Cultivation
Family : Liliaceae
English name : Asparagus racemosus
Indian name : Shatmuli, Satavari (Sanskrit),Satawar, Satavari (Hindi),Shimai-shadavari,Ammaikodi, Kilwari (Tamil),Challagadda, Pilligadalu, Kilwari (Telgu),Majjige-gedde, Aheru balli (Kannada),Saatawari, Ekalakanto (Gujarathi),Satawarmul,Satavari (Marathi),Satamuli (Bengali),Shatavali, Satavari (Malayalam),Species : Asparagus racemosus (Willd)
TYPE: The plant is a perennial, prickly climber excessively branched prickly under shrub
found throughout the tropical & subtropical parts of India upto 1200 m. Roots
tuberous, 15-40 cm long greyish.
COMMON NAMES: Satamuli, Satavar, Abhiru.
LOCATION: It is found throughout India and also cultivated both for medicinal & ornamental purpose.
PART USED: Tuberous Root, Stem and leaf
Plant usually grows in a lateritic, red loamy soils, with adequate drainage. Being a shallow rooted crop, it can be easily grown under such shallow and rocky soils where the soil depth is hardly 20-30 cm.
It can be easily grown in sub-tropical & Sub-temperate agro-climatic regions up to 1400 m. The crop survives under varied agro climatic conditions ranging from temperature to tropical hill regions. It can be grown in moderate hills like Shevroys, Kolli and Kalrayan hills and medium elevations of Western Ghat hills under condition where the elevations are between 800 to 1550 m above MSL. It tolerates drought as well as low temperature.
The soil is given 20-30 cm deep ploughing followed by 2-3 harrowings after few days. Grasses and weeds are removed. The land is properly levelled and 40-45 cms broad ridges are prepared for plantation, leaving 15-20 cms furrow space as a channel for irrigation.
( We provide best quality Yellow Shatavar Seed)
NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING
It is propagated by root suckers or seeds. For commercial cultivation, root suckers are preferred over seeds. Seeds are sown in April in raised beds at 5 cms apart to facilitate decay of its hard seed coat by the time monsoon commenced. Germination start in 8 to 10 days after the first shower of monsoon in June. The seedlings were transplanted on ridges at 60 x 60 cms apart and provided bamboo stakes when the plants attained a height of 45 cms. The disc is divided in such a way that each piece possessed at least two buds along with 2-3 tuberous roots. These pieces are planted conversing the buds with 1 cm of soil followed by irrigation. The sprouting commenced in 8-10 days after plantation.
Two to three weeding are carried out during the rainy months, there after one in next 2-3
months. Frequent weeding is required during its early period of growth.
Irrigation is given after the rainy season is over, at the rate of two to three irrigations in
winter season and one to two per month in summer season. Care should be taken to avoid any damage to growing shoots at the time of weeding. Totally, about 6-8 hand weeding is needed to keep crop free of weeds. In large scale plantation, the plants are trailed on brush wood pegged in alternate rows.
MANURES, FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES
The medicinal plants have to be grown without chemical fertilizers and use of pesticides.Organic manures like FYM, Vermi Compost etc. may be used as per requirement of the species. . No serious pest and disease has been noticed in this crop. To prevent diseases, bio-pesticides could be prepared from Neem oil, Chitrakmool, Dhatura, Cow's urine etc.
Flowering and fruiting occur in December–January. The plant are harvested after between 18 to 60 months depending upon the soil and climatic conditions.The roots are dugout collected and cleared. Boil the root, then peel it. Then dry in the sun. After removing the skin, it is cut transversely into small pieces and dried in shade.
A single plant may yield about 600 to 800 gm of fresh root. On an average, 8,000
to 10,000 kg of fresh roots can be harvested from one acre area which on drying may yield about 1200 to 1500 kg of dried roots.
(If you require Yellow shatavari dry root please contact us)
We provide the marketing support for the Nepali Shatavari Dry roots. The best certified seed we take from us will only support it in marketing.
Used in differnet Dieses
Shatavari is an indigenous medicinal plant used in Siddha and Homoeopathy medicines. It is estimated that in India, more than 1000 tonnes of shatavari roots are needed every year for medicinal preparations.
Asparagus is reputed to be a tonic and a geriatric. The tubers are anti-diarrhoetic, diuretic, nutritive, tonic, aphrodisiac, appetizer and alterative. They are also reported to increase lactation. The plant is considered slightly sweet, and is useful in the diseases of physical weakness, blood, kidney, liver, scalding urine, rheumatism, gleet, and gonorrhoea.
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