Monday, January 30, 2017

List of Medicinal Herbs To cultivating with contract farming

There are thousands of herbs that grow in India. Here, we have list
20 most profitable medicinal herbs that have several 
applications and good market potential.

1. Aloe vera – Aloe Barbadensis miller

Aloe vera is a high-value medicinal herb. It has several usage in the industry. Such as in cosmetics, medicine and beverages. You can start the farming with small capital investment.

2. Brahmi – Bacopa Monnieri

Brahmi has high medicinal value. It is one of the traditional and early age herbs in India. The plant has fleshy, oval shaped leaves 1-2cm long, from opposite along the stems. Small, tubular, five-petaled, white flowers develop in leaf terminals and can blossom over many months of the year.

3. Calendula – Calendula officinalis

Calendula is easy to grow plant. It has huge medicinal values. It can be grown on poor land with the partial or full sun. It does require regular watering. So you must be careful about the irrigation system of your calendula farm.

4. Basil – Ocimum basilicum

In India, Basil is known as tulsi. The plant is considered as “Queen of Herbs”. The plant has many medicinal properties. It is used in medicine, cosmetics and food as well. In any type of climate, including tropical and sub-tropical, basil can be grown.

5. Amla – Phyllanthus Emblica

Amla is an important crop in India. It has high medicinal value. Amla is used in medicine and cosmetics industry. This is a tropical plant. You can grow amla in light and medium heavy soil except purely sandy soil.

6. Ashwagandha – Withania Somnifera

Ashwagandha grows well in the dry and sub-tropical region. Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan are the major grower states in India. Organically grown ashwagandha has good market potential.

7. Daruharidra – Berberis Aristata

DaruHaridra is an important ayurvedic medicine. It also used in juice production and in the cosmetics industry. The plant prefers light, medium and heavy soils. It can be grown heavy clay and even in nutritionally poor soil.

8. Guggal – Commiphora Wightii

Rajasthan & Gujarat is in the top position in guggul farming in India. It has rich medicinal value since long back. The plant is a woody shrub with knotty, crooked, sping brown bracties. Guggal is considered as a drought aria salinity resistant plant.

9. Jatamansi – Nardostachys Jatamansi

Jatamansi is used in medicine, perfume and cosmetics industry. Jatamansi is harvested for local use and for the trading purpose of its roots and rhizomes.

10. Lavender – Lavandula

Lavender farming is profitable in India. Lavender can be grown only in the Himalayan region, wherever it snows, as it requires water only when first planted.

11. Lemon Grass – Cymbopogon

Lemon grass is a perennial plant. Lemon grass is one of the commercially cultivated crop in India in a wide range. Apart from medicinal value, the major use in perfumery, cosmetics, soaps, detergents and beverages.

12. Jatropha – Jatropha curcas

Jatropha is one of the best oil seed plants. It has medicinal properties and as well as in industrial purpose. The plant prevents soil erosion. The crop can be grown in the wasteland, poor soil, low rainfall and drought areas.

13. Kesar – Crocus sativus

Saffron is known as Kesar. It is the most expensive spice in the world. Saffron is majorly used in culinary seasoning and to get colour with taste in different food products. It has high medicinal value.

14. Stevia – Stevia Rebaudiana

Stevia is largely used as a sugar substitute. Stevia cultivation in India is profitable. It has medicinal values and also used in the cosmetics industry.

15. Vanilla – Vanilla planifolia

Vanilla is one of the costliest spice in the market after saffron. Vanilla is used in Ayurveda, medicines and in food. Karnataka is in the top position in India in vanilla cultivation.

16. Yashtimadhu – Glycyrrhiza glabra

The English name is Liquorice. Yastimadhuis one of the most popular medicinal herbs in India and also in abroad. The root of the plant (liquorice) contains a substance called glycyrrhizin which is 50 times sweeter than sugar.

17. Sarpagandha – Rauvolfia Serpentina

Sarpagandha has different medicinal values. Sarpagandha is a profitable herb. The plant prefers soil with plenty of humus and rich in nitrogenous and organic matter with good drainage. Alkaline soils are not suitable for commercial cultivation.

18. Parsley – Petroselinum crispum

Parsley prefers a well-drained, moisture retaining soil. Parsley requires a good amount of light to grow. You must have frequently watering system in summer.

19. Patchouli – Pogostemon cablin

Patchouli is one of the important aromatic plants cultivated for its oil. Humid climate with plenty of sunlight is suitable for this crop. The plant grows well as an intercrop in partial shade, but complete shade should be avoided.

20. Safed Musli – Chlorophytum Borivilianum

This plant has some excellent ayurvedic properties. You can grow anywhere in the country. Commercial cultivation with good crop management practice will give you wonderful profit.

Monday, January 23, 2017

THE WONDER TREE - MORINGA OLEIFERA (Drumstick,moringa,) All nutrition in one tree

The moringa tree, Moringa oleifera, has probably been the most underutilized tropical crops. The tree is native to India but has been planted around the world and is naturalized in many locales. Moringa goes by many names. In the Philippines, where the leaves of the moringa are cooked and fed to babies it is called "mother's best friend" and "malunggay." Other names for it include the benzolive tree (Haiti), horseradish tree (Florida) and drumstick tree (India).



Very young plants can also be used as a tender vegetable.The leaves are outstanding as a source of vitamin A and, when raw, vitamin C.  They are a good source of B vitamins and among the best plant sources of minerals.The calcium content is very high for a plant. The content of iron is very good. They are an excellent source of protein and a very low source of fat and carbohydrates.  Thus the leaves are one of the best plant foods that can be found.The leaves are incomparable as a source of the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cystine, which are often in short supply.

A Fresh Look at Nutrition and Moringa
People have different nutritional requirements at different stages of their lives. Lactating women and weaned children ages 1-3 are especially vulnerable in areas where malnutrition is commonplace. This report lists the recommended daily allowance for the major nutrients for children ages 1-3 and for lactating women and compares this to the amount of these nutrients present in moringa pods, moringa leaves and moringa leaf powder.

Here are highlights from several tables. "For a child aged 1-3, a 100 g serving of fresh cooked leaves would provide all his daily requirements of calcium, about 75% of his iron and half his protein needs, as well as important amounts of potassium, B vitamins, copper and all the essential amino acids. As little as 20 grams of leaves would provide a child with all the vitamins A and C he needs."

"For pregnant and breast-feeding women, moringa leaves and pods can do much to preserve the mother's health and pass on strength to the fetus or nursing child. One 100 g portion of leaves could provide a woman with over a third of her daily need of calcium and give her important quantities of iron, protein, copper, sulfur and B-vitamins."

Moringa leaves can be easily dried (in the shade to reduce loss of vitamins) and rubbed over a wire screen to make a powder, which can be stored and conveniently added to soups, sauces, etc. "It is estimated that only 20-40% of vitamin A will be retained if leaves are dried under direct sunlight, but that 50-70% will be retained if leaves are dried in the shade." "One rounded tablespoon (8 g) of leaf powder will satisfy about 14% of the protein, 40% of the calcium, 23% of the iron and all the vitamin A needs for a child aged 1-3. Six rounded spoonfuls of leaf powder will satisfy nearly all of a woman's daily iron and calcium needs during pregnancy and breast-feeding."
During pregnancy and breast-feeding, women are most at risk of suffering from nutritional deficiencies. The table below shows the percent of the recommended daily allowance of various nutrients for a nursing mother eating six rounded tablespoons (about 50 g) of leaf powder daily. It also shows the percent of the recommended daily allowance  for a 1-3 year old child with one rounded tablespoon of powder added to its food, three times daily.

                    Mother          Child
Protein           21%              42%
Calcium         84%              125%
Magnesium   54%               61%
Potassium      22%              41%
Iron                94%              71%
Vitamin A     143%             272%
Vitamin C      9%                22%

Moringa leaf powder is made by drying the leaves in the shade (drying them in the sun will cause loss of vitamin A). The brittle dried leaves are then pounded, and sifted to remove leaf stems. The powder should be stored in a sealed dark container. Spoonfuls of the powder can then be added to baby food, soups, and vegetables, adding nutrition but not changing the taste.



Analysis of Moringa pods, fresh (raw) leaves and dried leaf powder have shown them to contain the following per 100 grams of edible portion:

                        Pods  Leaves  Powder
Moisture (%)   86.9     75        7.5
Calories           26        92        205
Protein (g)       2.5       6.7       27.1
Fat (g) 0.1       1.7       2.3
Carbohydrate (g)         3.7       13.4     38.2
Fiber (g)          4.8       0.9       19.2
Minerals (g)     2          2.3       -
Ca (mg)           30        440      2,003
Mg (mg)          24        24        368
P (mg) 110      70        204
K (mg) 259      259      1,324
Cu (mg)           3.1       1.1       0.57
Fe (mg)            5.3       7          28.2
S (mg) 137      137      870
Oxalic acid (mg)         10        101      1.60%
Vitamin A - B carotene (mg)  0.11     6.8       16.3
Vitamin B -choline (mg)         423      423      -
Vitamin B1 -thiamin (mg)       0.05     0.21     2.64
Vitamin B2 -riboflavin (mg)   0.07     0.05     20.5
Vitamin B3 -nicotinic acid (mg)         0.2       0.8       8.2
Vitamin C -ascorbic acid (mg)                       220      17.3
Vitamin E -tocopherol acetate (mg)    120      -           113
Arginine (g/16g N)      -           6          1.33%
Histidine (g/16g N)     3.6       2.1       0.61%
Lysine (g/16g N)         1.1       4.3       1.32%
Tryptophan (g/16g N) 1.5       1.9       0.43%
Phenylanaline (g/16g N)         0.8       6.4       1.39%
Methionine (g/16g N) 4.3       2          0.35%
Threonine (g/16g N)    1.4       4.9       1.19%
Leucine (g/16g N)       3.9       9.3       1.95%
Isoleucine (g/16g N)   6.5       6.3       0.83%
Valine (g/16g N)         4.4       7.1       1.06%              
From Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics by Lowell Fuglie

For use as a green manure, moringa is densely planted (10 x 10 cm or 4 x 4 in) and plowed into the soil to a depth of 15 cm (6 in) after 25 days. Foliar sprays are made from moringa leaf extract.

The young pods, are known as "drumsticks". Tinned drumsticks are exported from India, Sri Lanka and Kenya to Europe and Asia.

After about 8 months to a year, the tree begins to flower and continues year round. The flowers can be eaten or used to make a tea. In moringa tea from the flowers is drunk for colds. The flowers provide good amounts of both calcium and potassium. Moringa flowers are also good for beekeepers since they provide a year-round source of nectar.

Seed can be extracted and eaten as "peas" (boiled or fried) when still green.
The mature seed is about 40% oil. Moringa oil is of excellent quality (73% oleic acid, similar to olive oil) for cooking. Sold for many years as "ben oil," it is used in cooking, perfumes and as a watch lubrication. It became a substitute for sperm oil. It is used for making soap and for light as well. The oil is slow to become rancid. The species M. peregrina from the Red Sea area reportedly produces a very good oil.
Oil can be extracted from moringa seed in the home. Seed from mature pods (which can be two feet long) are roasted, mashed and placed in boiling water for five minutes. After straining and sitting overnight, the moringa oil floats to the surface.

Moringa wood is very soft. It is advocated by some as a good live fence tree though in ECHO's experience this has not proven so. It makes acceptable firewood but poor charcoal. The bark is sometimes used to make mats and rope.

Small trees a few months old can be pulled and the taproot ground, mixed with vinegar and salt and used in place of horseradish.  I am told that when grown for its roots, the seeds are sometimes planted in a row like vegetables. At about 60 cm (24 in) in height the tree is harvested. Make sure the root bark is scraped off, as it contains two alkaloids and a toxin, moringinine. Eating large amounts of the root at once or too often should be avoided.

A compound found in the flowers and roots of the moringa tree, pterygospermin, has powerful antibiotic and fungicical effects.

Moringa grows best in the hot, semi-arid tropics. It is drought-tolerant and grows with rainfalls of 250-1500 mm (10-60 in) per year. Altitudes below 600 m (2000 ft) are best for the moringa; however, it grows up to 1200 m (4000 ft) in some tropical areas.
The moringa tree prefers well-drained sandy or loam soil. It will tolerate a clay soil but not water logging. It tolerates a wide range of pH (5-9), and grows quite well in alkaline conditions of up to a pH of 9. It responds well to mulch, water and fertilizer.

Moringa is an extremely fast growing tree. It can reach up to 4 m (15 ft) in a year, reaching an eventual height of 6-15 m (20-50 ft). "The trees grow more rapidly than papaya, with one three-month old tree reaching 2.4 m (8 ft). It is advisable to prune trees frequently to a shrub form, or they will become lanky and difficult to harvest. If folks begin regularly breaking off tender tips to cook when trees are about 1.3 m (4 or 5 ft) tall, the trees become much bushier.
It seems to thrive in impossible places -- even near the sea, in bad soil and dry areas.  Seeds sprout readily in one or two weeks.  Alternatively one can plant a branch and within a week or two it will have established itself.  It is often cut back year after year in fencerows and is not killed.  Because of this, in order to keep an abundant supply of leaves, flowers and pods within easy reach, "topping out" is useful.  At least once a year one can cut the tree off 3 or 4 feet above the ground.  It will readily sprout again and all the valuable products will remain within safe, easy reach.

Moringa can be grown easily from seeds or cuttings. Seeds should be planted 2 cm or 1 in deep and should germinate within 1-2 weeks. Germination rates are usually very good, but can drop to 0% after two years.

Cuttings 45-100 cm (18-40 in) long, 4-10 cm (2-4 in) wide should be taken from the woody parts of the branches. It should be wood from the previous year. They can be cured for three days in the shade and then planted in a nursery or in the field.

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Aloe vera as a Cancer,Health,Diabetes,Immune System,Skin care,Arthritis Pain Cure

Many Diseases cured by aloe vera.

Aloe Vera: An Ancient Superfood

Aloe Vera Benefits: Vitamins, Minerals and More
Aloe vera,75 active components to be exact. The naturally-occurring vitamins, minerals and amino acids in the plant are necessary for good health.

Aloe vera includes many necessary vitamins: A, C, E, B1, B2, B3, B6 and B12.
Vitamins A, C and E are antioxidants and help fend off free radicals which can contribute to cancer, heart disease and other illnesses.

Vitamin A
Integral for a strong immune system and bone growth. It helps fight off viral or bacterial threats to the body.

Vitamin C
A powerhouse vitamin that is believed to protect against cancer and cardiovascular problems. It also supports the immune system.

Vitamin E
May protect against heart disease while promoting a strong immune system.

B1 Vitamin
Also known as thiamine, B1 plays a role in digestion and contributes to a healthy nervous and immune system.

B2 Vitamin
Goes by the name riboflavin and works as an antioxidant. B12, like other B vitamins, provides the body with energy by creating fuel from food. It also plays an important role in maintaining a strong nervous system.

B3 Vitamin
Also known as niacin, B3 vitamins are used to treat high cholesterol, migraines and diabetes. It’s also used to cleanse the body of toxins and promote good digestion.

B6 Vitamin
Important to many of the body’s systems, including immune, cardiovascular and digestive. The vitamin is also connected to the serotonin and dopamine process.

B12 Vitamin
Primarily found in animal products, B12 is necessary for healthy blood cells and helps make DNA.

Famous for its role in strong bones, calcium is also vital to the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

Often discussed as a negative mineral, sodium is essential to blood pressure, muscles and nerves.

Makes up blood cells and proteins in the body. It’s necessary for energy.

This mineral has a big job; it’s necessary for hundreds of processes in the body, including blood glucose regulation and keeping the immune system strong.

Helps clean cells out, protects blood vessels and is thought to help lower the risk of heart disease.

Needed for growth and general health. This mineral helps maintain healthy heart function and is thought to help prevent osteoporosis.

Aloe contains 12 organic compounds called anthraquinones. Aloin, which causes a laxative effect, and emodin help with pain relief and work as antibacterial and antiviral agents. Anthraquinones are often removed from commercial aloe products.

Aloe vera contains a unique type of sugar called Acemannan. The polysaccharide is believed to have antiviral properties, ease gastrointestinal problems and stimulate the immune system.

Fatty Acids
Aloe vera consists of four plant-based fatty acids which are shown to have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic qualities. The acids also contain pain-relieving components.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), aloe vera contains 20 amino acids, seven of which are essential.

The plant also has hormones that aid in wound healing and seven enzymes.

1. Skin Care

The NIH says aloe vera is “possibly effective” for several skin ailments, including cold sores, psoriasis and itchy rashes on the skin or mouth. And although it’s most commonly used for sunburns, research hasn’t shown that it reduces redness. Most people use the gel for its natural cooling effect on the skin.
Although studies haven’t proven the gel can prevent burns from radiation therapy, some research has shown it can promote faster healing after treatment.

2. Aids in Digestion
Aloe vera is famous in natural health as a digestion aid.
Aloe is chock full of antioxidants which promote a strong immune system and the polysaccharides also have anti-inflammatory qualities. Some people use aloe to help with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), ulcers and to detoxify the intestinal track.
Those suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD may also be in luck. Some people use aloe vera to reduce the symptoms from damaged tissues caused by the disease.

3. Provides Pain Relief
Aloe vera’s anti-inflammatory and analgesic qualities may be helpful in relieving muscle and tendon pain. The gel is sometimes used topically in sports medicine to soothe achy muscles, but taken orally, the anti-inflammatory ingredients may also help with pain.
To note that, If you’re using aloe vera to reduce inflammation, you should also rebalance your diet. By eliminating unhealthy foods, the aloe vera has a better chance of working.

4. Lowers Cholesterol
A few studies have indicated that aloe can play a role in lowering cholesterol. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), daily intake of 10 ml or 20 ml of aloe for 3 months was shown to reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol by 18 percent and total cholesterol by 15 percent.

5. Relieves Arthritis Pain

Arthritis is a chronic condition in which joints are inflamed causing pain and stiffness. Aloe vera contains several enzymes and amino acids that are known to have anti-inflammatory qualities. Evidence is limited, but some people take aloe vera gel orally to ease the pain of arthritis.
Morrow says many people are turned off by the tangy flavor, but there are ways to make it more palatable.
             Mix aloe gel with water
             Use it as an ingredient in a smoothie
             Soak in purified water for 10 minutes

6. Diabetes Treatment
There are several ways aloe vera may help those suffering from diabetes. Some research has demonstrated aloe vera’s ability to lower blood glucose levels. However, the NIH warns that combining glucose-lowering medication with aloe vera can have harmful effects.
People with Type 2 diabetes may also look to aloe as a way to lower excessive amounts of fat in the blood.
Aloe’s ability to heal wounds faster may also benefit people with diabetes who have suffered from ulcers or wounds on their legs.

7. Strengthens Immune System the
Aloe’s ability to detoxify helps keep the immune system in check. The body has a much better chance at fighting off illness and infection if as many nutrients as possible can make their way into the bloodstream.
Polysaccharides are the primary component of aloe vera gel. These compounds, which are found in plants, create the thick quality of the gel.
The antioxidants that are present in the gel ward off free radicals which negatively impact immunity.