Friday, October 23, 2020

Bamboo Plant Supplier Tissue culture bamboo plant Economics Cultivation farming

BEEMA BAMBOO (Bambusa Balcooa)


            Bamboo belong to the grass family known as Poaceae. Hence, it also known as the giant woody plant with grass and “GREEN GOLD”. They are evergreen and highly versatile trees. Also, bamboos are capable to grow on variety of soils from different parent rocks. It is a form of a grass which differ according to its species varying up to 8 inch in diameter. They also differ according to the size if the culms. Also the size, shape and texture of the culms are different as per the varieties of species, some have thorny culms and others have striping patterns. Similar to the culms, leaves can also be different size, shape and texture (fuzzy or rough i.e., almost dangerous to handle).

            The production of bamboo is highest in China which contributes about 65%of total world production. India stands second after China in bamboo production because bamboo in India is not only grown in the forest region but also in small villages. Assam produces the maximum number of bamboo in India which has capacity to substitute wood in the coming years. It is roughly estimated that about 4.6 million tonnes of bamboo is produced in India annually out of which approximately 1.9 million tonnes is used in the pulp industries.

            It is believed that there are about 1400 species of bamboo all over the world out of which there are 22 genera that has been cultivated in India. From the 22 species grown, 19 are native to India and 3 are exotic species. Though the bamboo is a flowering plant, its flowering frequency depends upon the species. Below are the some of the species that has taken over in India.


a)      Bambusa Balcooa:

It is commonly called as the “Beema Bamboo” which is native to Indian sub-continent. It is mostly found in West Bengal and north east region of India. The common name used in Assam as Bhaluka, West Bengal as Balku and Wamnah in Meghalaya. It has a very thick walled tree and culmping bamboo. It is also a fast growing and thorn less tree with high biomass content (energy value-4500 kcal/kg).

Beema bamboo has a capacity to grow up to height of 25 meters (80 feet) and diameter of 8-15 cm (6 inches) with dark green culms. The culms length varies from 12-20 cm and internode length ranges from 20-40 cm. The leaves are on an average 15-30cm long and 25-50 mm broad. Due to its thorn less characteristics it makes harvesting easier.

b)      Bambusa Nutans

c)      Bambusa Polymorpha

d)      Bambusa Vulgaris (common bamboo)

e)      Bambusa Bambos

f)       Bambusa Multiplex

g)      Bambusa Nana

h)      Bambusa Tulda

i)        Dendrocalamus Brandisii

j)        Dendrocalamus Hamiltonii

k)      Dendrocalamus Giganteus

l)        Dendrocalamus Strictus

m)   Gigantochloa Atroviolacea

n)      Melocanna Bambusoides

o)      Schizostachyum Dullooa

p)      Thyrsostachys Oliveri



1)      Climatic conditions: Beema bamboo can be grown in a large ranging climatic conditions from tropical to temperate. Nevertheless, it gives maximum production and healthy growth in tropical and sub-tropical climate (approximately 3 inches/day). The altitude for bamboo must be at the sea level up to 600 m. Though beema bamboo is adaptable and hardy plant they have least capacity to tolerant of water stagnation condition during the 1st year of growth. The amount of rainfall require must not be less than 1200 mm/year. The humidity ought to be between 75-85% with a wind velocity less than 80 km/hr. higher wind velocity can cause problems in development stage.


2)      Soil requirement: The best yield of beema bamboo is found in deep, well-drained and fertile soils with good drainage. They usually prefer neutral to acidic soil with pH ranging from 4.5 to 6. However, beema bamboo can be grown in wide range of soils from black cotton soil to degraded soil except for rock-strewn soils. The soil having high water table also works best for bamboo.


3)      Land Preparation: The land ought to be free of bushes, grasses and other unwanted plants. In order to get better drainage system the land must be ploughed thoroughly and as deeply as possible. The beema bamboo water requirement is similar to that of sugarcane for maximum growth. Although, it does not like to get submerged in water or in wet feet condition. For sowing the seedlings the land must be prepared with the pits and nutrients. The excavated soil from the pit is filled at the bottom of the pits whereas the top of the pits are filled with FYM (farm yard manure).

The size of pits are according to the areas. For heavy rainfall areas pits of size 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm are dug whereas for well rooted seedlings 30cm x 30cm x 30cm size pits are dug. For scanty rainfall pits of size 1m are dug to prevent micro catchment. The spacing between the seedlings ought to be 3 x 1.2 m which accommodates about 2500 plants/ha.

4)      Propagation and Planting: The right season to plant beema bamboo is usually as soon as the monsoon begins, under rain fed conditions. For propagation of bamboo it can be done with seeds, wildings, offsets, cutting and tissue cultured plants. However, it must be first raised in the nursery before transplanting it to the field. As mentioned above bamboo does bare flowers in rare species after 30-40 years of duration due to which propagation with seeds is not practiced for larger areas. Propagation by seeds grows seedling within 8-12 months which needs more water and nutrient supply.

The most common ad traditional method used for propagation is bamboo offset also called as vegetative propagation. The offset is the lower part of the bamboo culms with 3 to 5 nodes, rhizome and roots together. The offset required much care. The offset of 1 year ought to be dug and cut into 1 m size and can be planted.

The culm cuttings and rhizome can also be propagated which are raised in nursery bed for a year and later the seedlings can be transferred to main field. The poly bag having seedlings are carefully cut ensuring that the root ball does not break.

5)      Intercultural Operations: Weed growing in the field prevents the growth of bamboo by absorbing the nutrients. Therefore, regular weeding is recommended. About 60 cm of area around the bamboo should be kept free from weeds. In dry areas or less rainy areas, mulching helps to prevent soil water evaporation. Mulching is also beneficial for the bamboo shoots to prevent from direct sunlight which improves shoot quality.

Also, the unnecessary culms are to be removed to promote the growth of healthy shoots. Intercropping can also be done during the first 3 years of planting bamboo.

6)      Fertilizers, Pesticides and Diseases: Bamboo does require excess nutrients and constant supply. For such constant supply, 13:13:13 special fertilizer is used which gives bamboo a constant supply of nitrogen and potassium slowly into the soil. The nitrogen gives the green color to the bamboo and also the healthy growth of new shoots. To reach the maximum growth of the culmps of bamboo macronutrient silica is used.

The bamboo are mostly attacked by the fungi, which attacks the rhizome and culms of the plants. The most common pests that attack are the defoliators, sap suckers and shoot and culm borers. The regular checking of pest presence is required to control it and prevent the usage of various chemical pesticides harmful for the plant growth.

The disease are categoriesed according to the growth stages of plants:

Diseases in




Bamboo stands (new culms)

Rot of emerging culms

Causes in high rainfall areas.


Removal of the culmps before the onset of monsoon (March-April)

Rot of growing culms

Sap oozing out due to more soaking in water.

Infection spread results in testing and bending od culms.

§  Spraying insecticide, monocrotophos 0.5% a.i.

§  By application of Bavistin or Mancozeb at 0.2% on infected culms.

Bamboo blight

Premature death of culms which slowly spreads downwards.

§  Cutting and removal of blight bamboo culms.

§  Application of carbendazim combined with mancozeb (carbendazim 0.25% a.i. + mancozeb 0.3% a.i.)

Nursery diseases

Damping Off

Emergence while it is succulent.



Adopting proper nursery practices

Seeds dressing with fungicides is effective.

Web Blight

Effects the 20-30 days old seedlings.

Seedling stems discoloration and foliage death.

Application of fungicide Carboxin 0.2% a.i.

Leaf Rust

Death of the seedlings

§  Dusting Sulphur based fungicides

§  Avoiding shade over nursery beds.


For more information on diseases management visit

7)      Irrigation: On the nursery beds, the irrigation must be done regularly. Irrigate the bamboo immediately after transplanting. It is noticed that water stagnation doesn’t work well for bamboo plants hence draining the soil during heavy rainfall is must. It is suggested to water the plants regularly during the 1st few months because the plants take time to establish in to the soil. After the plants gets firm, the irrigation can be done at intervals and increase as per time.


8)      Harvesting: The harvesting of bamboo plants can be started at the fifth year. In case if the plantation is done for commercial use, harvesting id carried out from the sixth year. At the time of 1st harvest usually 6 culms can be harvested followed by 7 culms in the second harvest and soon. The harvesting of culms must be done for the center in order to let the new culms produce outward. Also, it is taken care that the strong culms are left so they can support the upcoming new culms and prevent them from bending. Culm cutting is suggested to be done during the dry seasons and not during rains. A sharp knife or saw can be used for harvesting of bamboo.


9)      Post-harvesting: Preserving the harvested bamboo becomes necessary to prevent them from decaying and attacking by powder post beetles. There are some chemical and non-chemical ways in order to store the harvested bamboo as mentioned below:

·         Painting the bamboos with water repellents ca prevent it from mould, insects and rots.

·         Also, to avoid fungi, painting bamboo’s with slaked lime is useful which delays water absorption.

·         Soaking the bamboo in mud or stagnant water creates a resistant to the borers. After which it can be dried in shades.

·         To increases the self-life of culms, the bottom part of it ought to be soaked in preservative solution (10% copper sulphate).



Assuming the spacing 3 x 1.2m about 1000 plants can be planted per acre.

Cost of bamboo plant= Rs. 100

Amount of manure and fertilizer required = 17kg/plant (approximately)

Cost of manure and fertilizer = Rs. 25 /kg

Including the cost of planting material, fertilizers, drip irrigation, manures, labour charge, harvesting cost and other miscellaneous cost = Rs. 1,50,000 to 2,00,000/ acre.

·         After harvesting:

o   The no of culms from 1 acre of land = 4000-4800 (approximately considering 10 % morality rate)

o   Weight of each culm = 15 kg

o   Tonnes of bamboo in an acre = 60-70 tonnes

o   Cost of each culms = Rs. 70-150 (varies according to place and quantity)

o   Gross income from culms per acre =Rs. 4,00,000-Rs. 5,00,000

o   Net income= Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 3,00,000

In the sixth year the no. of culms increases and simultaneously the income increases as compared to the 5th year. For the following years also the yield increases therefore it is said that bamboo is a cash crop with low gestation period and faster growth, which gives high economic returns every year.



Unlike other trees bamboo also has many construction benefits and other uses. Some of them are mentioned below:

·         Stems used for building houses, roads, bridges, baskets, fishing floats, agricultural implements in villages.

·       Culms are used as raw material in wood chip industries, paper industries and scaffolding.

·         Leaves are used as fodder.

·         In Some parts young shoots are used as vegetable to eat.


       Bamboo used as sustainable biomass energy conversion material.



As per the uses above, it is mainly used in wood and paper industries as raw materials and also biomass conversion. Not only in industries for personal uses in villages is it also used for maintaining the regular lifestyle with the construction of houses, bridges and other implements. Generally it is only used as locally and sold to the local manufacturing companies.

There is a National Bamboo Mission that has been going on across India which has many small business of bamboo products. For more information visit




We will Provide Consultation for Herbal farming/ Organic Farming etc.

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Saturday, July 4, 2020

Shyama tulsi seed supplier Black tulsi seed supplier tulsi dry leaves supplier economics farming cultivation agriculture project.


            Tulsi or Tulasi from the ocimum genus scientifically known as Ocimum Tenuifloram belongs to the family of Lamiaceae. It is called Tulsi in Sanskrit, Krishna(Black) Kala- Tulsi in Hindi and India’s Holy Basil in English. “Tulsi” in Sanskrit means “the incomparable one”. In India the most primitive source of origin is found in Rig Veda which is encrypted between 1600-3500 B.C.

There are over 60 species of Ocimum discovered which has different origin and out of which some are combination or hybrid of two different species. The most commonly used species of ocimum can be categorize into two different groups:

1)      Holy basil:  It is also called as tulsi which is considered as goddess of wealth, health and prosperity in Hindu religion in India. There are 4 species popular under this category:

a)  Rama tulsi (ocimum sanctum): Plant has bright green leaves which have mild taste and high tolerance to cold. Also, requires more water and fertilizers as compared to other species. Suitable to temperature ranging from 15°C to 40°C.

b)  Krishna tulsi (ocimum tenuiflorum): It is also called as Black tulsi. It has purple stem with purple fringed leaves which has strong aroma with a sharp peppery taste. It possess more medicinal benefits as compared to other species. It can bear temperature ranging from 20°C to 45°C.

c)    Amrita tulsi (ocimum tenuiflorum): It is a perennial, aromatic and sacred species of holy basil in India which is suitable to temperature ranging from 15°C to 40°C.

d)  Vana tulsi (ocimum gratissum): It is woody type perennial, aromatic and sacred species of tulsi.

2)  Mediterranean Basil: It is also called as sweet basil which is used in culinary preparations for different cuisines. The popular basil were found all over the world including Asia, America, Europe and Africa.

a)      Sweet basil (ocimum basilicum)

b)      Thai basil (ocimum thyrsiflora)

c)      Purple basil (ocimum basilicum)

d)      Lemon basil (ocimum citriodorum)

e)      Vietnamese basil (ocimum cinnamon)

f)       American basil (ocimum americanum)

g)      African blue basil (ocimum kilimandscharicum)

h)      Italian genovese basil (ocimum basilicum)

Tulsi is a bushy shrub which can grow up to 18 inches. It has hairy stem with leaves which are nearly oval in shape and serrated based upon the variety. The tulsi plant florescence small purplish or red flowers (almost rust red). It has a strong, pungent aroma and taste that is similar to other varieties of basil. Various varieties of holy basil grow in the Himalayan foothills to areas of the Middle East.


1). Climatic conditions: Tulsi in general when sowing requires a temperature of about 15-25°C. During the process of germination till the period of harvesting it requires temperature of about 15-40°C. Although, harvesting temperature should be about 25-35°C. Talking about the water requirement tulsi requires water almost daily, hence rainfall of 80-120 cm is preferable.


2)Soil and Land Preparation: It is suggested to avoid highly alkaline, saline and waterlogged soil. For better growth and performance of tulsi sandy loam soils with organic matter works perfect. As precaution, soil must possess pH of 5.5 to 7.0 for healthier growth. Firstly to bring soil to fine tilth, plough and harrow the land several times, then FYM (Farm YardManure) is mixed well in soil. Transplantation of Tulsi is done on fine seedbed.


3).    Sowing and Plantation: The tulsi can be propagated through seeds, only at the nursery beds. The nursery must have partial shade and have adequate irrigation facilities. For sowing one acre of land around 120g of seed are required. The seed beds must be of 4.5 x 1.0 x 0.2 m size and well tilth. As the tulsi seeds are minute size, the quantity of seeds required is mixed with sand in a ratio of 1:4. The soil in the nursery must be worked till 30 cm depth. Also, to protect the seeds from soil borne diseases treatment of Mancozeb at 5g/kg of seeds before sowing is recommended.


4).      Nursery care and Transplanting: Adding of 15 tonnes of FYM to the soil before sowing helps increase the yield. After which the seeds are sown in the nursery bed 2 month before the monsoon season. They are sown at a depth of 2 cm with convenient space. Also, after sowing a thin layer of FYM + soil is spread over it. Before 15-20 days of transplanting, application of 2% urea solution gives healthy seedlings.


Keeping the seedling bed moist for 24 hr before transplanting so that uprooting of seedling can be done easily and seedlings remain unaffected during transplanting. The germination of seed starts in 8-12 days and seedlings would be ready for transplanting in about 6 week time with 4-5 leaf per seedling.

 5).      Weed Controlling: It is compulsory to weed and hoe in order to maintain the growth of the plant. If ignored there would be a drastic decrease in the yield as well as growth of the plant. The first weeding is recommended after 1 month of transplanting followed by the second after 4 weeks of the first weeding. A classic system of weeding is hoeing after 2 months of planting.


6).    Irrigation: According to the season the irrigation is recommended. In rainy season there would be no need of irrigation system. The first irrigation is after the transplanting and the second irrigation is given during seed establishment. This two irrigation are more important and later irrigation is given as per the seasons. It is recommended application of 3 irrigations per month in summer. In total 12-15 irrigations are required per year.


7).     Fertilizers and Pesticides: As mentioned above, during the land preparation application of FYM is required as a basal dose. Regarding the inorganic fertilizers application of 120:60:60 kg/ha of NPK is recommended per hectare. Half the dose of N and the entire dose of P2O5 and K2O should be given as a basal dose, whereas, the remaining N is applied in two split doses after first and second cuttings.  



                   Organic manures like, Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Vermi-Compost, Green Manure etc. can also be used as fertilizers according to different species. 


                To prevent diseases, organic mixture of different plants can be used mainly from Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves), Chitrakmool, Dhatura, Cow's urine etc. For particular pets and diseases control measures are recommended as below:



Pests and Diseases


Control Measures

Leaf rollers

Caterpillars seals the leaves and roll them.

Spray 300ml of Quinalphos in 150 litres of water per acre

Tulsi lace wing

Nymphs leave excreta on leaves which initially rolls the leaves and later whole plant dries off.

Spray Azadirachtin 10,000ppm concentrated at 5ml/litre of water.

Powdery mildew

Fungus that produce powder on leaves

Spray Mancozeb 4gm/litre of water

Seedling blight

Fungus causes seedling to die.

1.      Follow phytosanitary measures

2.      Thoroughly wetting of seed bed with bavistin at 1%

Root rot

Rotting of roots due to poor drainage system

1.      Follow phytosanitary measures

2.      Thoroughly wetting of seed bed with bavistin at 1%


8).      Harvesting: The crop can be harvested after the first bloom stage that is about 90-95 days after transplanting. For future regeneration of branches cutting should be done when plant is at least 15cm above the ground area. After the first harvesting, it can be harvested at regular intervals of 65-75 days. Harvesting is usually carried out in bright sunny days for better oil yield and quality. It is highly denied to harvest the crop if there has been rain on the previous day.


9).         Post-harvest: After harvesting the produce can be kept in the field for 3-4 hours in order to reduce moisture and bulkiness. Although, the oil quality and yield is not affected until 6-8 hours of harvesting after which deterioration starts. Steam distillation is found to be ideal method for the oil extraction compared to other methods. The oil obtained is filtered and treated with anhydrous sodium sulphate/common salt in order to remove the moisture out of it. Later the oil is stored in containers of stainless steel, galvanized tanks, aluminum containers or amber colored glass bottles and stored at dry and cool place.

10).     Yield: On an average, about 2-3 harvest takes place in a year which gives fresh herbage of 9,000-10,000 kg per hectare per year. Although, the oil yield varies with type, season and place of origin. The herb obtain may contain about 0.1 to 0.23 percent oil. The oil yield of around 10-25 kg per hectare can be possible. Note: Irrigated area have higher yield.



-          Sowing one hectare of land required about 1 to 2 k.g.  seeds.

-          Cost of seeds = Rs. 3000-3500 / kg (Seed Supplier)

The tulsi plant yield two kinds of produce namely, seeds and leaves which are used for oil extraction.

Includingthe seeds, nursery care manure, weeding, irrigation, fertilizers and pesticidesand harvesting would cost around Rs.30,000-40,000/hectare. Depending upon the soil and other factors.

·         Herbage obtain from 2-3 harvest = 7-9 tonnes/ha/year

·         Price of herbage = Rs. 30,000/tonne

       Price of Dry leaf = Rs. 70-150/k.g ( Depends on quality)

·         Net income= Rs.1,40,000-1,80,000/ha/year


The tulsi also known for medicinal uses as varities of vitamins and minerals for various benefits to human health. The uses of tulsi are mentioned below: 

  •  Cures various infections like throat infection, respiratory problems, skin diseases,etc
  • Oil is used as ear drops.
  • Cures malaria, indigestion, insomnia and cholera 
  • Can be used for hair loss, dandruff, dry scalp and greying of hair. 
  • Controls metabolism and boost digestive system.
  • Helpful in quitting smoking: Every time you get the urge to smoke, chew Tulsi leaves.
  • Treats asthma.
  • Can be used for hair loss, dandruff, dry scalp and greying of hair.
  • Used by many medical industries in medicines.



Tulsi in general have many uses which allows it to include in most of the herbal products which are in the market. Although, the tulsi oil can be extracted from herbages and can be sealed and sold as personal business which could give a good source of income to the farmers. Some popular and most demanding companies are mentioned below:

·         Patanjali

·         Organic India

·         Himalaya

·         Zindagi

·         Khadi




  •   Shah, Ghulam-Muhammad & Ahmad, Farid & Panwar, Shailesh & Khadka, Manbar & Ali, Ajaz & Bisht, Suman. (2019). Ocimum Sanctum [Tulsi]—An Alternative Additional Livelihood Option for the Poor and Smallholder Farmers. Sustainability. 11. 227. 10.3390/su11010227.
  •   Saran, Parmeshwar Lal & Devi, Ganga & Kalariya, Kuldeepsingh & Manivel, P. (2018). HOLY BASIL CULTIVATION FOR DOUBLING THE FARMER'S INCOME IN SANDY LOAM SOILS.

We will Provide Consultation for Herbal farming/ Organic Farming etc.

Furthure information require please free to contact us. Please join our official  

Facebook page

Founder of,

Pankaj Ramoliya
+91 97146 16040 
| | |
405, Blue stone Enterprise,Near Shyamdham Temple, Varachha ,Surat-395006

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